Scientific Name: Agelaius phoeniceus
Population Estimate: 210M, Least Concern status
Range / Habitat: Year-round on fresh and saltwater marshes through most of the US and Mexico. In summer extending into Canada.
Field Notes: Medium-sized passerine. Males glossy black with red and yellow shoulder patches. Females are a subdued, streaky brown, almost like a large, dark sparrow with a dramatic eyebrow.
Personal Notes: One of the most welcome sounds of spring in Minnesota!