Population Estimate: 4.6M - 6.5M, Least Concern status
Range / Habitat: Breeds in tundra of circumpolar Arctic. Winters mainly at estuarine mudflats, but also at wide variety of freshwater and brackish wetlands, both coastal and inland, throughout much of the northern hemisphere.
Field Notes: Medium-sized sandpiper. Hunched appearance with short neck. Moderately long, drooping black bill. Black legs. In breeding plumage has black belly, rufous cap, and rufous back. Nonbreeding plumage is all dull brownish gray, with whitish belly.
Personal Notes: Seen in Italy, at the Salton Sea in California, then in Iceland.